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fractals - kock snowflake

Sierpinski Triangles and Spirolateral Investigation Lesson Plan

Leaning Objective:  Students are introduced to some more complex ideas in mathematics (fractals, infinite perimeter, fractional dimensions), students explore the relationship between maths and art, students conduct an open ended invesigation into patterns and sequences. 

10 minutes

Start the lesson with the Mandelbrot Zoom in the background:

Discussion about what this shows (fractal shapes which repeat infinitely).  Discuss the coastline paradox – what is the perimeter of the coastline of the UK?  Does it have one?  What happens when we try and be more accurate with our measurements? 

Show video introducing how to create fractals – looking at how to create Sierpinski Triangles and how the Koch snowflake has simultaneously a finite area and an infinite perimeter:

15 minutes

Students create their own Sierpinski Triangle, which can be generated quite easily (instructions here).  Students need triangular paper which can also be printed from the link. 

5 minutes

Introduction to Spirolaterals – these patterns were first discovered by investigations into fractal designs.  Use the computer generator here to show how these shapes are generated.  (Teacher notes on this investigation here).

40 minutes

Distribute the Spirolateral worksheet (download here).  Students need squared paper and start to investigate different patterns and rules.  Which initial starting rules lead to closed patterns?  Which ones lead to infinitely repeating pattern? For an extension students could investigate turns of 45 degrees rather than 90 degrees. 

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IB Maths Exploration Guide

IB Maths Exploration Guide

A comprehensive 63 page pdf guide to help you get excellent marks on your maths investigation. Includes:

  1. Investigation essentials,
  2. Marking criteria guidance,
  3. 70 hand picked interesting topics
  4. Useful websites for use in the exploration,
  5. A student checklist for top marks
  6. Avoiding common student mistakes
  7. A selection of detailed exploration ideas
  8. Advice on using Geogebra, Desmos and Tracker.

Available to download here.

IB Exploration Modelling and Statistics Guide


IB Exploration Modelling and Statistics Guide

A 60 page pdf guide full of advice to help with modelling and statistics explorations – focusing in on non-calculator methods in order to show good understanding. Includes:

  1. Pearson’s Product: Height and arm span
  2. How to calculate standard deviation by hand
  3. Binomial investigation: ESP powers
  4. Paired t tests and 2 sample t tests: Reaction times
  5. Chi Squared: Efficiency of vaccines
  6. Spearman’s rank: Taste preference of cola
  7. Linear regression and log linearization.
  8. Quadratic regression and cubic regression.
  9. Exponential and trigonometric regression.

Available to download here.

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